Egyptians held cats in the highest esteem, the penalties for injuring or killing a cat were severe! They worshiped a cat Goddess often represented as half feline, half woman, called Bastet. The main worshiping place was in the north of Egypt. Bastet was such a popular Goddess that there was a massive festival about her which was described as very enthusiastic and large. Big caterries were placed in all of Egypt.
By Herbert Potts
The main ingredient in the beer was bread made from a rich yeasty dough possibly including malt. The bread was lightly baked and crumbled into small pieces before being strained through a sieve with water. Flavor was added in the form of dates and the mixture was fermented in a large vat and then stored in large jars.It is no exaggeration to say that beer was of central importance to ancient Egyptian society. Beer was enjoyed by both adults and children, was the staple drink of poor Egyptians but was also central to the diet of wealthy Egyptians. The gods were often made offerings of beer and beer was mentioned in the traditional offering formula. Wages were often paid in beer (and other supplies) and the workmen living in the workers village at Giza received beer three times a day as part of their rations.
Beer storage jar.
When you look at the country of Egypt, you see large areas of dry hot desert. The Egyptians did have one thing going for them: The River Nile. Each year, the river would flood, covering areas with rich thick silt and mud. This was necessary for them because it brought fertilizers to the land. The Nile water was used for the water needed for farmlands, and this meant that the ancient Egyptians had a lot of food to grow and eat.The land around the Nile was rich in wildlife and the wealthy ancient Egyptians hunted and ate beef, mutton, goat and a variety of fish from the Nile. They also ate poultry: duck, crane, heron, pigeon and goose. The poor Egyptians didn’t eat meat that often, but did eat poultry and fish. Fish, poultry and meat were boiled or roasted and they used a number of seasonings for flavor, including salt, cumin, pepper, fennel, dill, sesame and coriander. If they weren’t going to eat poultry immediately, they preserved it by drying and salting it.With such fertile farmland, they could grow a lot of vegetables and fruits. Some of their favorites seemed to be radishes, onions, garlic, turnips, beans, leeks, lentils, and lettuce.A variety of vegetables were grown and eaten by the ancient Egyptians including onions, leeks, garlic, beans, lettuce, lentils, cabbages, radishes and turnips. They ate fruit as a dessert and they included melons, plums, figs, grapes, raisins and dates. The wealthy people ate two to three meals per day including a morning meal, a bigger lunch and later in the evening, a dinner meal. Most of the population would probably have only eaten a breakfast of bread and then in the early afternoon a main meal that included bread and beer.
Formal education in ancient Egypt was mostly reserved for the boys of rich families. Although there is some evidence that sometimes, girls did go,and some became doctors! Boys usually started school at 7 and were taught mathematics, how to write and to read. Most of the education for poorer boys and girls came from their mothers and fathers. For boys, they learned the family trade. For girls, they learned the household responsibilities including cooking, sewing and in some cases, even taking care of the family business. If a boy was instructed in the art of building or sculpture, his father would hope that his talent was exceptional enough for him to be accepted as part of the tomb-builders. If a boy failed to learn his trade well, he would be sent out of the village and would have to set up his life in another town.If a boy attended a formal school they began at the lower grades, what we might consider kindergarten. They would learn a number of lessons and these might include Egyptian literature. These were called ‘wisdom texts’ and included many of the lessons on the way to get a good position in life. The ultimate goal of the Egyptian student was to be good enough to be accepted in one of the high positions such as the royal palace, the temples or army, a government job, tax assessor or even medicine with the priests.
Ancient Egyptian Sports
Many of today’s sports were practiced by the Ancient Egyptians, who set the rules and regulations for them. Inscriptions on monuments indicate that they practiced wrestling, weightlifting, long jump, swimming, rowing, shooting, fishing and athletics, as well as various kinds of ball games.
Ancient Egyptian kings, princes and statesmen were keen on attending sports competitions, which they encouraged and provided with the necessary equipment.
Drawings on pharaonic monuments tell us that several thousand years ago, the Egyptians had laid down basic rules for games, chosen a neutral referee, a uniform for players, and a means of announcing the winners by awarding them different collars.
Both winner and loser were met with ovation, the first for his superiority and the latter for his sporting spirit.
- Equestrian Sports Including Chariot Racing
- Fencing – Sword fights using wooden swords
- Hockey – an early form of this sport was played as a team sport
- Various Ball Games
- Long Jump
- High Jump
- Long Distance Running
- Spear Throwing (Javelin)
- Tug Of War
Categories: Uncategorized Tags: sport
The Egyptians didn’t build roads to travel around their empire. They didn’t need to. Nature had already built them a superhighway right through the middle of their empire called the Nile River. Most of the major cities in Ancient Egypt were located along the banks of the Nile River. As a result, the Egyptians used the Nile for transportation and shipping from very early on. They became experts at building boats and navigating the river. Egypt Tomb Oar boat by Unknown Early Boats Early Egyptians learned to make small boats out of the papyrus plant. They were easy to construct and worked well for fishing and short trips. Most of the papyrus boats were small and were steered with oars and poles. The typical boat was long and thin and the ends came to a point that stuck out of the water.
Egyptian women and their kids.
- What did the egyptian children wear?
- What were the cloths made of?
- What did men wear?
- What did pharaohs wear?
Most young children went around completely naked. When they were six years old they began to wear clothes that would protect them from the intense dry heat.
Most of the clothing was made of linen; a few items were made from wool. Cotton was not introduced until the Christian period. Linen was spun from the stem of the flax plant.
Men of the working classes wore a loincloth or short kilt and sometimes a type of shirt. Or they wore a skirt held up by a crisscross strap across the chest.
To display their power and association with the gods, the Pharaohs wore different clothes than the nobles and the common people. The royal headdress called the Nemes is an important royal emblem. Originally, it was a piece of linen cloth gathered together at the back of the head. The statues of King Netjer-Khet or Djoser show that by the Third Dynasty, the kings had begun to wear it over their wigs.
Women in ancient Egypt had many rights. They were not quite equal with men, but they had a good say of what happened in their lives.Women who broke the law faced the same punishments as men , and were expected to defend themselves in court, just like men! Women didn’t have to marry. They could say no to a proposal. But most women who married were about 12-14 years old! That’s REALLY young! Women brought a dowry with them into the marriage. (A dowry is some type of wealth in land or cattle or goods.)Before a marriage took place, an agreement was signed that said anything a woman brought into a marriage (her dowry) was hers forever. That included land, as women could and did get given land from their parents. This was an important agreement because women could divorce their husbands.After a woman married, her first duty was to be a good wife and mother. Along with caring for her children, a woman could get a job if she wanted outside of the home. Women could own a business. They could run a business. They could buy and sell property. They could write a will, or have one written for them, leaving all their personal goods to anyone, including their daughters. Married women could even get a divorce.If a woman was unhappy in her marriage, she could ask the court for a divorce. She had to give the court a good reason. If the court granted her request, she received custody of the kids, her original dowry, her personal possessions including any gifts her husband had given her during their marriage, and any property that had been willed to her during her marriage. Plus, she received about one third of her husband’s wealth, so she could take good care of the children. After a divorce, a woman could decide to stay single, or to marry another man. If she remarried, everything given to her by the court from her divorce remained hers.Men could also ask the court for a divorce, but if granted, the woman still received everything she would have got had she asked for the divorce.
The people of ancient Egypt developed their religion based on gods and goddesses and the powers that they had. They had a deep belief in the supernatural and that their lives were controlled by their deities.
In old Egypt, there were two Kingdoms called Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt. Both of these kingdoms had their own religions. When the two kingdoms became one many of the religious beliefs and cultures were combined. The Egyptian civilization lasted over 3,000 years and during this time many of the beliefs and customs changed. The people of ancient Egypt were also influenced by their main source of life, which was the Nile River. The Nile gave them water for growing crops, drinking, sailing and trade.
- What did this mean?
- Where did they go?
- Did they travel on sea, land or both?
- What did they use to carry food and water?
Their was a grand voyage to get across the red sea from the eastern part of the dessert. The pharaoh at the time was called Ati I and left her husband in charge of the amazing expedition. They had to use donkeys to carry goods such as food and rope and there would be people who carried buckets so the survivors could drink so the don’t get de-hydrated. They would of had to make boats by hand out of wood from the grassland that was actually miles away. This made the voyage even harder. When they ran out of food they would kill animals such a animals that drop meat and they brought baboons and giraffes home to give to the pharaoh and to show that they had gone along way. They got panther skins and elephant ivory from the animals they killed. We know about the voyage because there are paintings and hieroglyphs on the walls of the Hatshepsut’s temple in Deir El-bahir